Drug Trafficking In United States
The illegal drug trafficking in United States of America is one of the world most profitable business. Therefore, drug trafficking entices the most aggressive, sophisticated and ruthless drug traffickers. According to United States Custom Services, every year, millions of merchants enter the United States of America either in private or commercial flights, while others enter in ships and vehicles to participate in this high profiting market. Thousands of ships loaded with million tons of cargo dock at United States ports each year. In this lucrative market, drug traffickers hide illegal drugs such as heroin, methamphetamine, marijuana and cocaine shipments for supply in United States and her neighborhoods.
Distribution of Illegal Drugs
The market involves extensive supply of illegal drugs. Drug traffickers use various means of transport such as land transport via Mexico and Canada border, maritime means along the east and west coast of Mexico, sea transports via the Caribbean ocean and both private and commercial air corridors. The drug traffickers from the neighboring nation as well smuggle heroin, marijuana, amphetamine, methamphetamine and cocaine across the southwest border in search of market in United States. Besides the extensive market sales of methamphetamine and cocaine in the Midwest and west of Mexico, drug traffickers are making everything possible to extend the supply of illegal drugs into eastern markets of the United States.
In the last decade, the consumption of 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) in United States has gone up at a rate that is alarming. Russian and Israel illegal drug suppliers as well as the Western Europe-based drug trafficking associations are the most prominent MDMA traffickers in the world. Primarily, MDMA is manufactured secretly in the Western Europe then clandestinely distributed into United States through commercial airline couriers and carriers of express package. On the other hand, heroin is smuggled into United States of America by southwest and southeast Asian-based drug traffickers who use the city of New York as the circulatory hub. Heroin is then distributed into Midwest and eastern seaboard.
Local Production of Illegal Drugs
In addition to drug trafficking groups based in oversea countries, local associations grow process and supply illegal drugs which involve methamphetamine, marijuana, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and phencyclidine. Local farmers produce marijuana that effectively competes with other illegal drugs supplied in the market. As the demand rate of the methamphetamine keep going up, particularly in the Midwest and west, so too, does the illegal laboratory numbers which distribute methamphetamine. Moreover, a few chemists produce LSD which is primarily supplied to college and high school students in the entire United States.
Drug trafficking includes trade of illegal drugs. These drugs are produced in one region of the globe and then through a well articulated network get traded to different corners of the world. According to a report published by United Nations Research Institute for Social Development in 1994, most of these illegally drugs are being produced in the lesser developed countries and then are being traded to the more affluent and developed nations. The same report also claimed that every region does not produce all the kinds of major illicit drugs, rather each region produces one or two major illicit drugs and then moves them to other parts through a strong distribution channel. Another report by United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC), confirms the research work and findings by United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. According to UNODC, the major illicit drugs that are being produced and traded are cocaine, opium, cannabis and heroine. UNDOC’s report suggests that the countries that are involved in the production and trafficking of the illicit drugs are Bolivia, Columbia, Morocco, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan and Afghanistan. UNODC’s reports in 2010 and 2013 suggest that Columbia and Bolivia and Columbia are the hubs for cocaine production, opium and cannabis are mostly produced in Morocco and Afghanistan, while Iran and Turkey contribute to the heroine production. Pakistan acts as the trafficking hub due to its strategic global position.
Drug trafficking has a tremendous social impact. It breaks the spine of the society. Drug trafficking provides a mean to earn easy money for the section of population belonging to the lowest stratum of the socio economic strata. As the unemployed work force of the world is rising steeply, more and more and young adults are getting involved into drug trafficking and thus are getting lost into the dungeons of drug peddling.
Every year millions of dollars are being spent to curb drug trafficking and for the rehabilitation of the drug addicts, however the results are not encouraging. Though, according to the recent report by UNODC, cocaine and heroine production has been curbed down but the fact is that these drugs are still available in huge quantities. One of the reasons of the failure of the control measures is the poor economic condition in the underdeveloped countries along with the profitability of trafficking of illegal drugs. Thus, if drug trafficking has to be eliminated from the roots then all the nations have to come together with a plan to eliminate the drug peddlers and their distribution channels, and along with, a policy framework must be drawn to develop the underdeveloped countries so as to improve the conditions of the farmers and to bring down the percentage of unemployed work force. Only then, drug trafficking could be eliminated or otherwise, the whole world will be entangled in the cob web of drug trafficking.