Essays On Ottoman Historians And Historiography Schools

Panofsky 1965 expresses an early formulation, still often invoked not only in the visual arts that were Panofsky’s particular focus but also in broader historical research. His thesis holds that an essential feature of the Renaissance was an expression of historical anachronism, a sense that the past was both different and separate from the present. Struever 1970 develops this approach in the textual scholarship of particular figures. Burke 1969 agrees with Panofsky’s formulation but presents evidence especially from Renaissance writers of history. The authors in Kelley 1997 focus more particularly on historicist analysis or historical approaches as seen in the formation of other learned disciplines as they took shape during and after the Renaissance. The others here are concerned mainly with the writing of historical works: Findlen 2002 offers a general survey, the authors of Jones-Davies 1995 focus on particular issues in historical writing, and Grafton 2007 examines debates and developments in the nature of historical scholarship from the later Renaissance to the early 18th century. Reynolds 1955 offers a guide to primary sources. Ferguson 1948 surveys how the Renaissance itself has figured as the subject of historical inquiry from the Renaissance onward; the first sections deal with Renaissance-era historians.

  • Burke, Peter. The Renaissance Sense of the Past. London: Edward Arnold, 1969.

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    This introductory work presents some of the features of Renaissance historical thought, including the criticism of documentary sources using the tools of the humanist movement, the criticism of myths as narrative accounts of the past, the interest in explanations and causes, and the sense of anachronism.

  • Ferguson, Wallace K. The Renaissance in Historical Thought: Five Centuries of Interpretation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1948.

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    This classic study, still unsurpassed, surveys the historical understanding of the Renaissance from that period up to the mid-20th century.

  • Findlen, Paula. “Historical Thought in the Renaissance.” In A Companion to Western Historical Thought. Edited by Lloyd Kramer and Sarah Maza, 99–122. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2002.

    DOI: 10.1002/9780470998748E-mail Citation »

    In this essay, part of a volume primarily devoted to more modern historical scholarship, Findlen traces the development of historical thought and writing from Petrarch through the 16th century, including topics such as the use of Latin versus vernacular languages, the history of women as an example of challenges to traditional history writing, and the new attention to historical methods.

  • Grafton, Anthony. What Was History? The Art of History in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge, UK, and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

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    In this very readable series of lectures, the author traces the trajectory of humanist historical approaches from the Renaissance through the 18th century.

  • Jones-Davies, M. T., ed. L’histoire au temps de la Renaissance. Paris: Klincksieck, 1995.

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    These conference papers by major scholars address a range of issues in the rise of historical scholarship in the Renaissance, especially but not exclusively in France.

  • Kelley, Donald R., ed. History and the Disciplines: The Reclassification of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 1997.

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    This collection of articles explores how the rise of historicism transformed other disciplinary classifications and scholarly methods in turn.

  • Panofsky, Erwin. Renaissance and Renascences in Western Art. 2d ed. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell, 1965.

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    First published in 1960, this set of lectures by the noted art historian articulates the now-classic argument that a sense of historical anachronism and a historical sensibility were defining features of the Renaissance.

  • Reynolds, Beatrice R. “Latin Historiography: A Survey, 1400–1600.” Studies in the Renaissance 2 (1955): 7–66.

    DOI: 10.2307/2856959E-mail Citation »

    Many of the sources described in this classic article are still untranslated; the bibliography is especially useful.

  • Struever, Nancy S. The Language of History in the Renaissance: Rhetoric and Historical Consciousness in Florentine Humanism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1970.

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    Focusing on Coluccio Salutati, Leonardo Bruni, and Poggio Bracciolini, the author builds a case for the importance of rhetorical approaches to understanding a key feature of the Renaissance.

  • This collection of ten essays focuses on the way major schools and individuals have narrated histories of the Middle East. The distinguished contributors explore the historiography of economic and intellectual history, nationalism, fundamentalism, colonialism, the media, slavery, and gender. In doing so, they engage with some of the most controversial issues of the twentieth century.

    Middle Eastern studies today cover a rich and varied terrain, yet the study of the profession itself has been relatively neglected. There is, however, an ever-present need to examine what the research has chosen to include and exclude and to become more consciously aware of shifts in research approaches and methods. This collection illuminates the evolving state of the art and suggests new directions for further research.

    Israel Gershoni and Amy Singer teach modern Middle East history and Ottoman history, respectively, in the Department of Middle Eastern and African History, Tel Aviv University. Y. Hakan Erdem teaches history in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at Sabanci University, Istanbul. Other contributors include Walter Armbrust (St. Antony's College, Oxford) , Marilyn Booth (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), Julia Clancy-Smith (University of Arizona, Tucson), Juan R. I. Cole (University of Michigan), Fatma Muge Gocek (University of Michigan), Ellis Goldberg (University of Washington), R. Stephen Humphreys (University of California, Santa Barbara), Eve M. Troutt Powell (University of Pennsylvania), and Charles D. Smith (University of Arizona).

    "Middle East Historiographies has some of the best bibliographical essays that I have read. They combine argument, interpretation, and a sense of the development of many fields associated with the study of the modern Middle East. The contributors are among the very best scholars in the U.S. and Israel. The essays offer the reader an opportunity to rethink and reevaluate many central historiographical issues and move the analysis far beyond that stimulated by Edward Said's Orientalism."
    -Jere Bacharach, University of Washington

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