Uf Shands Neurology Residency Personal Statements

Residency Program Overview

The goal of the Neurology Residency Training Program is to prepare residents for a career in academic neurology, with well-rounded strengths in clinical care, professionalism, research, and education. We are confident that every resident who we accept into our program will be able, with suitable application, to become a first-rate neurologist.

Clinical skills: Residents receive broad exposure to the full spectrum of clinical adult neurology, from the rapid-fire assessment of an acute stroke to the complex longitudinal relationship of patients with progressive neurodegenerative diseases. Education includes a strong foundation of core inpatient rotations (including dedicated stroke and neurocritical care services), exposure to selectives such as clinical neurophysiology (EEG, EMG/NCS), movement disorders, behavioral neurology, neuromuscular disease, epilepsy, pediatric neurology, psychiatry, and neuropathology, and a broad choice of electives.

The art of clinical neurology remains best learned through application at the bedside and in the clinic, as an apprentice under the close guidance of experienced faculty. Residents acquire clinical skills first under the close supervision of senior residents and faculty, and then, as competency and self-sufficiency increase, with greater degrees of independence. Our diverse faculty include many strong general and subspecialty neurologists to guide the development of the resident into a thoughtful clinician. Only through broad, deep, and reflective direct clinical experience will the resident master the clinical skills necessary to provide the highest quality neurological care. There are no shortcuts to this process, but the end result is worth it!

Residents enhance their clinical training through a daily noon didactic lecture series, developed by departmental education leadership to provide a curriculum that is high-yield, sequential, and comprehensive. Incoming junior residents received intense individualized training during our week-long orientation series so that they feel comfortable transitioning to their new roles as neurologists. In July, a residency-wide “boot camp” of emergency neurology management reinforces knowledge for junior and senior residents alike. The remainder of the year is focused on general neurology and subspecialty lectures, organized to provide sequential learning. Innovative teaching methods are interspersed throughout to reinforce teaching and clinical application. Dr. Wilson, the Residency Program director, and Dr. Miravalle, associate chair of education, are both prior recipients of the A.B. Baker Award from the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and are recognized as educational innovators within the field.

Research: A strong foundation in research and the scientific method is a cornerstone of academic neurology. Our faculty are enthusiastic about including our residents in scholarly activity. Residents are required to participate in at least one significant longitudinal research project over the course of the residency, presented to the department during Grand Rounds prior to graduation. All residents are also expected to present scholarly activity annually during the Department of Neurology Research Day each spring. Residents receive research support and mentorship from Dr. Leo Almeida, Research Associate Program Director, as well as their individual research mentors. An annual Research Blitz is held every October, in which all faculty members present a brief overview of their ongoing projects with which they would welcome resident involvement. The department strongly encourages resident research presentations at national, regional and local conferences. All residents receive a yearly educational stipend that can be used for conference travel, and additional departmental funding is provided for those with accepted first-author presentations. Residents may spend up to several months of elective time during the three-year residency on research endeavors.

A dedicated clinician-research track is available for those who plan a career significantly focused on basic or clinical research.

Education: The ability to train the next generation of physicians is an essential responsibility of an academic clinician. Our residency provides ample formal and informal opportunities to participate in medical student education. All residents participate in the UF Health Residents as Teachers curriculum, which can be expanded to accommodate individual interests. PGY4 senior residents participate in the 7-week medical student preclinical neuroscience course, reviewing neuroanatomy and teaching foundations of the neurological exam and clinical localization. Medical students rotate on all inpatient services and clinic, allowing ample opportunity for the residents to practice their teaching skills.
A dedicated clinician-educator track is available for those planning a career in medical education.

All residents are paired with a mentor in their area of interest during the PGY1 year.

US News and World Report Best Hospitals

Department of Neurology at Shands at the University of Florida – ranked #21 Nationally

Shands at the University of Florida – ranked #1 in the State of Florida

Doximity.com ranks us at 25th in the USA for Reputation.

For more information contact

Jennifer Shipley
Residency Program Coordinator
Department of Neurology
Box 100236, UFHSC
Gainesville, Florida 32610-0236
Email: Jennifer Shipley
Phone: 352-273-5550

Christina Wilson , M.D., Ph.D.
Director, Neurology Residency Program
Department of Neurology
Box 100236, UFHSC
Gainesville, Florida 32610-0236
Email: christina.wilson@neurology.ufl.edu
Phone: 352-273-5550

Postgraduate PA School Residency and Fellowship Programs

As a new, or even experienced PA, it is normal to feel uncomfortable with the thought of jumping into a medical specialty.

Often we have had little more than 30 days of training in a particular field, and we are joining a team of specialists who expect us to perform at the level of seasoned doctor.

PA training is generalist in nature with the ability to pick and choose among rotations as a student that may help one gain more experience in a particular field of study prior to graduation.

If you have been practicing in a field for some time and want to change directions, it can be very intimidating.

We want to do right by our patients, providing them with the very best care in all situations. While on the job training is fine and dandy, depending on your practice you may receive a lot or very little hand holding. This can be a setup for occupational success, professional and personal growth or, on the flip side, failure!

To help PAs looking to successfully transition into careers of medical specialty postgraduate PA programs began popping up in the early 1970's. As the profession grows and more and more PAs are entering specialty practice, PA residency programs have adapted to fit our needs.

Over the past four decades the PA postgraduate training movement has slowly expanded, and in 2017 there are more than 84 postgraduate PA programs with 70 of those listed on the Association of Postgraduate PA Programs (APPAP) website.

All of these postgraduate training programs also referred to as residencies or fellowships, provide some form of advanced learning in various medical and surgical specialties.

PA Residency Program Accreditation

Unlike PA schools across the country which must undergo a rigorous accreditation process through the ARC-PA, PA residency programs do not require a formal accreditation to exist. Although I think this will change with time, here are the two accrediting bodies:

  • ARC-PA: There are currently only 8 accredited clinical residencies for PAs in the US, listed on ARC-PAs website here. Accreditation is voluntary through ARC-PA and does ensure a certain level of educational standards, but it is not required and offers no current benefit. Since 2014 The ARC-PA has placed the accreditation process for clinical postgraduate PA programs in abeyance while it studies a different type of process to recognize program educational quality.
  • Association of Postgraduate PA Programs (APPAP): At the American Academy of Physician Assistants Convention in Los Angeles in May 1988 a group of postgraduate PA programs met to formalize a national postgraduate PA program organization. Bylaws were written and approved by the eight founding programs and the Association of Postgraduate Physician Assistant Programs (APPAP) was formed to further specialty education for PAs. Programs are not required to be registered with APPAP and certain membership criteria must be met to be eligible. While there are benefits to being registered with APPAP, there are also very expensive membership fees that programs may not wish to spend their money on.

Do not be hesitant if the program you find interesting is not on APPA's or ARC-PA website. In 2017 this says very little about the quality of the postgraduate program.

The Pros and Cons of Physician Assistant Residency Programs

There are pros and cons to completing a residency program, but it is the decision of each individual PA to choose to participate, which greatly depends on the specialty.

PROS of PA Residency Programs

  • Residency programs allow the physician assistant to gain both clinical and didactic knowledge that would take years of on-the-job training to attain.  It provides a faster paced, formalized training program of supervised practice, which allows physician assistants to be utilized much faster than new graduates.
  • The PA can develop the judgment and technical abilities in a specialized practice area, thus increasing their confidence in their chosen specialties.
  • Many employers give preference to residency-trained physician assistants.
  • Residency programs can be a great way to transition to specialty practice for a mid-career PA looking for a new challenge.
  • It is also recognized that most employers are willing to pay more for a physician assistant who completed a residency program.

Emory University Critical Care Residency

PA Surgical Residency Personal Account

I attended the Norwalk/Yale Surgery residency 2 years ago. I thought the training was invaluable. The pay was less and the work was exhausting but I'm absolutely positive I am a much better surgical PA because of it. I went into CT surgery after and feel like I've always had a huge advantage in my field because of my training.

I think most of the negative attitude towards residency comes from PAs that didn't complete one or had very little exposure to any. Most of the people I know that attended residencies were happy they did. I know there's a fear that residency training limits you to one specialty but I think it does the opposite. If you end up switching specialties it shows employers that you have a passion to learn and were willing to put in a little harder work for better training. It doesn't hurt your lateral mobility at all. If two candidates want to switch from CT surgery to Derm, who is the stronger candidate, the one with 3 years of CT experience, or the one with 2 years CT and 12 months of intensive surgical training?

Sure, you can get a job that does an excellent job of training you up and allowing you to become a well-rounded, knowledgeable PA but some jobs just need you to crank out patients and know the right answer, not necessarily understanding why that's the right answer. Residency training just concentrates everything you have the potential to learn in your first 2-3 years into 12 long months.

I personally believe if more people did residencies it would strengthen our entire career field. We pride ourselves in being trained in the medical model and residencies are what really separate Physicians from APPs, so why not.

PA Cardiology Residency Personal Account

I am currently in a cardiology post graduate residency/fellowship at The Ohio State University. However, it is not accredited/not listed on the APPAP website. I decided to pursue this after graduation because I wanted more exposure in the different subspecialties of cardiology, something I don't think I could've received if I got a general cardiology position. Here are some +/- of my experience so far (~4 months in)

(+) -Exposure to many different sub-specialties: ep, hf, CT, vascular, transplant, adult congenital etc. Also get to spend time with palliative (mostly pts with hf), stress/echo lab, consults etc. -Decent pay (70k). I know I could get paid more but this amount was imo a good trade off. -Lots of learning opportunities. I can and am encouraged to attend grand rounds, conferences etc that are set up for md residents/fellows. We don't work excessive hours - unlike medical residents. My hours average from 36-40ish a week m-f. Throw in study time and obviously it goes up. -Good mix of inpatient/outpatient exposure. More so inpatient. -Program is very open to feedback/suggestions and are accommodating. For example, I wanted to spend some time in the stress lab to see vo2/stress/etc test and it was set up very soon after. I imagine the program to get better every year.

(-) -Taking a hit on salary. -Moving to a new st 2500 miles from home is/was an adjustment. -The cardiology fellowship for mid-levels is a new thing at Ohio St - so there are obviously things that can be improved such as some teams allowing us to just shadow, or some preceptors not knowing what the fellowship really entails. Each team I am part of is different from the next in terms of learning opportunity, etc. For the most part, many of the teams I am on I feel like I am part of a team and have preceptors who are genuinely interested in my education. Other times (which is rare) I feel like I'm just there to shadow.

In conclusion, the program here at OSU could use some more structure but overall I'm glad I applied and was accepted. After just four months in, I am confident I will have more experience/knowledge than if I just took a job. With that said, after one year I obviously have much to learn and will be that way for the rest of my career.

CONS of PA Residency Programs

  • PAs who jump into specialty without residencies claim you can get paid 2-3 x as much, work less, and learn just as much while getting your training on the job.
  • Even though employers are willing to pay more for a PA who completed a residency, the salary maxes out and becomes equal to those who did not do a residency program.
  • Residency requires more education thus increasing the duration of school and structuring the profession more like a physician. Tuition for a Physician Assistant Program is around $78,000 for didactic months and the clinical year. If a student has to take out a loan for $36,000 for two semesters, and, with seven total semesters, our total debt at the end of our physician assistant program is around $126,000. This does not include any interested accumulated. Adding on more expenses and loans for residency programs may put the PA graduate in more debt and leave one with more accumulated interest that is more difficult to pay off in a timely fashion.
  • A negative aspect of employers’ rewarding those who complete residency programs with a larger salary is that it could become mandatory for physician assistants to complete specialty residency training in order to compete for the positions since more applicants may apply for higher paying jobs than lower paying ones.
  • Residencies require more education, therefore delaying those practitioners from entering the clinical setting on a full-time basis. This delay limits the number and availability of physician assistants as mid-level practitioners, exacerbating the lack of health care providers to meet the increasing demands of the population for health care.

As you can see, this can turn into a contentious debate! What do you think, are fellowship programs here to stay?

PA program residency quick facts:

  • What about my loans? You can defer student loans during your residency and some programs offer loan repayment.
  • Do I get paid during my residency? Most residencies provide stipends of 40 - 75 k and require 40-80 hours per week up to 6 days per week.
  • How many hours will I be required to work? The average program length is 12 months but some programs are up to 24 months long.
  • How competitive is the process? 10-30 people interview at each program annually and accept on average 1-4 residents.

PA Residency Program offerings

Below, is an exhaustive list of US PA postgraduate residency and fellowship programs as of January 2017.

  • By far the most comprehensive PA residency program is hosted by the Carolinas Healthcare system which offers eight PA fellowships in Acute Care, Critical Care/Trauma, Family Medicine, Hospitalist, Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Urgent Care and Urology!
  • The Mayo Clinic also offers a deep network of PA residency programs in Critical care/Trauma, Hospitalist, Hematology and Oncology, Internal Medicine, Otolaryngology and ENT.

I have added a brand new section for Postgraduate PA residency programs as part of the PA School finder website. You can now search by program and specialty via a geographical search console or use the new interactive perfect match tool.

PA Postgraduate Residency and Fellowship Programs by Specialty (Updated March 2017)

Use the search box to search by specialty or location. Click the header column to sort based on that criteria. Click on the web link to visit the postgraduate residency program website.

Name of ProgramSpecialtyLocationDurationClass Sizeweb
University of MissouriAcute CareColumbia, MO15 months2http://medicine.missouri.edu/acutepa/
Carolinas Healthcare System CenterAcute CareCharlotte, NC12 months28http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/center-for-advanced-practice-fellowship
Advanced Practitioner Acute Care residency at Mission HealthAcute CareAsheville NC6-12 months4 every 6 monthshttp://www.mission-health.org/index.php
Mercer-Piedmont HeartCardiologyAtlanta, GA12 months2http://www.piedmont.org/medical-professionals/join-the-team/mercer-piedmont-residency-program
St. Joseph Mercy HospitalCardiothoracicYpsilanti, MI12 months1http://www.stjoesannarbor.org/physicianassistantresidencyprogram
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical CenterCardiothoracicLebanon, NH12 months2http://med.dartmouth-hitchcock.org/heart_vascular/ctparesidency.html
Methodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular CenterCardiothoracicHouston, TX12 months2 to 3http://www.houstonmethodist.org/heart-vascular/for-healthcare-professionals/learning-opportunities/
Carolinas Healthcare System CenterCritical Care & TraumaCharlotte, NC12 months28http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/center-for-advanced-practice-fellowship
Intermountain Medical CenterCritical Care & TraumaMurray, UT12 months1https://intermountainhealthcare.org/careers/residencies-training/medical-resident-fellow-training/trauma-residency/
Einstein/Montefiore Division of Critical Care MedicineCritical Care & TraumaBronx, NY12 monthscontact programhttp://www.einstein.yu.edu/departments/medicine/divisions/critical-care/division.aspx?id=21583
Emory Critical CareCritical Care & TraumaAtlanta, GA12 months2http://whsc.emory.edu/home/education/critical_care/
Johns Hopkins HospitalCritical Care & TraumaBaltimore, MD12 months6http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/surgery/education/pacc_residency/description.html
St. Joseph Mercy HospitalCritical Care & TraumaYpsilanti, MI12 months1http://www.stjoesannarbor.org/physicianassistantresidencyprogram
St. Luke's HospitalCritical Care & TraumaBethlehem, PA12 months4http://gme.slhn.org/fellowships/critical-care-emergency-medicine-advanced-practitioner-fellowship
Mayo Clinic ArizonaCritical Care & TraumaPhoenix, AZ12 months1http://www.mayo.edu/mshs/careers/physician-assistant/physician-assistant-fellowship-hospital-internal-medicine-arizona
WakeMed Health and HospitalsCritical Care & TraumaRaleigh, NC12 months3http://www.wakemed.org/careers-surgical-physician-assistant-residency-program
Winthrop University HospitalCritical Care & TraumaMineola, NY12 months1http://www.winthrop.org/pa-postgraduate-residency
Medical College of WisconsinDermatologyMilwaukee, WI12 monthscontact programhttp://dermatology.mcw.edu/education/physician-assistant-fellowship-program/
Albany Medical CenterEmergency MedicineAlbany, NY12 months5https://www.amc.edu/academic/GME/programs/ed_pa_fellowship/index.cfm
Albert Einstein Medical CenterEmergency MedicinePhiladelphia, PA18 months2 or 3http://www.einstein.edu/education/non-physician-programs/em-physician-assistant
Arrowhead Regional Medical CenterEmergency MedicineColton, CA14 months15http://armcemergency.org/
Baylor College of MedicineEmergency MedicineHouston, TX12 months4 to 6https://www.bcm.edu/departments/medicine/sections-divisions-centers/emergency-medicine/education/physician-assistant-fellowship
Brown Alpert Medical SchoolEmergency MedicineProvidence, RI12 monthscontact programhttps://www.brown.edu/academics/medical/about/departments/emergency-medicine/index.php?q=emped
Carilion ClinicEmergency MedicineRoanoke, VA12 months3https://www.carilionclinic.org/emergency-department/fellowship/np-pa
Eastern Virginia Medical SchoolEmergency MedicineNorfolk, VA12 months2 to 4https://www.evms.edu/education/centers_institutes_departments/emergency_medicine/fellowships/physicians_assistant_fellowship/
St. Luke's HospitalEmergency MedicineBethlehem, PA12 months4http://gme.slhn.org/Fellowships/Critical-Care-Emergency-Medicine-Advanced-Practitioner-Fellowship
Jane R. Perlman / NorthShore University Health SystemEmergency MedicineEvanston, IL12 months2http://www.northshore.org/academics/academic-programs/fellowship-programs/np-pa-emergency-medicine/
Johns Hopkins - Bayview HospitalEmergency MedicineBaltimore, MD18 months1 every 6 monthshttp://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/johns_hopkins_bayview/education_training/residency_programs/emergency_medicine_physician_assistant_residency_program/
Lakeland Regional HealthEmergency MedicineLakeland, FL12 months4https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwi1kJyEh7jRAhVFqVQKHbEKC58QFggfMAE&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.lakelandhealth.org%2Fgmemain%2Fresidencyprograms%2Femergency-medicine-residency&usg=AFQjCNE6m-nXMUTYPyXqxafA_rlbSNpdCQ&sig2=mDO2tjXsIu4huhfhI0kqeA
Marquette University - Aurora HealthEmergency MedicineMilwaukee, WI12 monthscontact programhttp://www.marquette.edu/physician-assistant/postgraduate.shtml
New York University (NYU)Emergency MedicineNew York, N.Y.10 months2https://med.nyu.edu/emergency/education/PA-Fellowship
University of MissouriEmergency MedicineColumbia, MO13 months2http://medicine.missouri.edu/emergencypa/home.html
New York Presbyterian-Weill Cornell Medical CenterEmergency MedicineNew York, NY12 months4http://www.weillcornellparesidency.org/
Regions HospitalEmergency MedicineSt. Paul, MN18 months2http://www.regionsem.org/pa-residency
Staten Island University HospitalEmergency MedicineStaten Island, NY24 months4http://www.statenislandem.com/pa-fellowship/
Team Health EMAPC FellowshipEmergency MedicineOklahoma City, OK12 months2 to 3 every 6 monthshttp://myemergencymedicinecareer.com/Residents/Residency-Programs.aspx
University of IowaEmergency MedicineIowa City, IA18 monthshttps://medicine.uiowa.edu/emergencymedicine/education/pa-residency-programs
University of New Mexico School of MedicineEmergency MedicineAlbuquerque, NM18 months2http://emed.unm.edu/education/prospective-applicants/physician-assistant-residency-in-emergency-medicine.html
UCSF FresnoEmergency MedicineFresno, CA18 months2http://www.fresno.ucsf.edu/em/pa/
The US Army/ Air Force-Baylor Emergency Medicine Physician Assistant (EMPA) Residency Must be Active Duty Army or Air Force, with a minimum of 4 years (Army) or 2 years (Air Force) active commissioned service as a Physician Assistant.Emergency MedicineJBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX18 monthshttps://www.bamc.amedd.army.mil/staff/education/allied-health/empa/
Yale New Haven HospitalEmergency MedicineNew Haven, CT18 months2https://medicine.yale.edu/emergencymed/residency/pa/
University of KentuckyEmergency MedicineLexington, KY12 months4http://wildcatem.com/app-residency/
Carolinas Healthcare SystemFamily MedicineCharlotte, NC12 months28 per cohort, variablehttp://www.carolinashealthcare.org/center-for-advanced-practice-fellowship
Carilion Clinic Urgent Care and Rural HealthFamily MedicineDaleville, VA12 months2https://www.carilionclinic.org/family-medicine/fellowship
Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center - Houston, Texas - Physician Assistant Post-Graduate Residency in Geriatric MedicineGeriatricsHouston, TX12 monthscontact programhttp://www.houston.va.gov/Education/Physician_Assistant_Residency_Geriatric_Medicine/Physician_Assistant_Residency_Geriatric_Medicine.asp
Mayo Clinic ArizonaHematology & OncologyPhoenix, AZ12 months1http://www.mayo.edu/mshs/careers/physician-assistant/physician-assistant-fellowship-hospital-internal-medicine-arizona
MD Anderson Cancer Center - The University of TexasHematology & OncologyHouston, TX12 months2https://www.mdanderson.org/education-training/clinical-research-training/clinical-education-for-non-physicians/physician-assistant-program-in-oncology.html
Carolinas Healthcare SystemHospitalistCharlotte, NC12 months28 per cohort, variablehttp://www.carolinashealthcare.org/center-for-advanced-practice-fellowship
Mayo Clinic ArizonaHospitalistPhoenix, AZ12 months1http://www.mayo.edu/mshs/careers/physician-assistant/physician-assistant-fellowship-hospital-internal-medicine-arizona
Regions HospitalHospitalistSt. Paul, MN12 months1http://www.regionshospital.com/rh2/careers/physician-assistant-fellowship/index.html
Carolinas Healthcare SystemInternal MedicineCharlotte, NC12 months28 per cohort, variablehttp://www.carolinashealthcare.org/center-for-advanced-practice-fellowship
Children's Hospital of PhiladelphiaNeonatologyPhiladelphia, PA12 months2http://www.chop.edu/pages/neonatal-physician-assistant-residency-program
University of KentuckyNeonatologyLexington, KY12 months2 to 3https://pediatrics.med.uky.edu/pa-neonatology-residency
Arrowhead Regional Medical CenterOB-GYNColton, CA12 months6https://www.arrowheadmedcenter.org/resObyGen.aspx
Montefiore Medical CenterOB-GYNBronx, NY12 months2http://www.montefiore.org/obgyn-pa-residency
Arrowhead OrthopedicsOrthopedicsRedlands, CA12 months4 to 6https://www.arrowheadmedcenter.org/mpOrtho.aspx
Carilion ClinicOrthopedicsRoanoke, VA12 months2https://www.carilionclinic.org/orthopaedics/fellowship-acp
Illinois Bone and Joint InstituteOrthopedicsPark Ridge, IL12 months5 to 7http://www.ibji.com/education/professional-education
DMC Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineOrthopedicsWarren, MI12 months2http://www.dmcmedicalgroup.com/pa-orthopaedic-fellowship/
UCSF FresnoOrthopedicsFresno, CA13 months2http://www.fresno.ucsf.edu/orthosurgery/pa/
Riverside University Health SystemOrthopedicsMoreno Valley, CA12 monthscontact programhttp://rcrmc-ortho.org/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=115&Itemid=51
Navy PA Graduate Training: Orthopedics - Career military physician assistantsOrthopedicsPortsmouth, VA12 months2-4https://navypa.com/navy-pa-info/professional-development/orthopedics-fellowship
Mayo Clinic ArizonaOtolaryngologyPhoenix, AZ12 months2http://www.mayo.edu/mshs/careers/physician-assistant/physician-assistant-fellowship-otolaryngology-arizona
Carolinas Healthcare SystemPediatricsCharlotte, NC12 months28 per cohort, variablehttp://www.carolinashealthcare.org/center-for-advanced-practice-fellowship
Shasta Community Health CenterPrimary CareRedding, CA12 months2-3http://www.shastahealth.org/nppa-fellowship
North Florida-South Georgia Veterans Health System – University of Florida Physician Assistant Residency in Primary CarePrimary CareGainesville, FL12 monthscontact programhttp://pap.med.ufl.edu/about-us-2/post-graduate-programs/
The Emory Physician Assistant Program and The Veterans Atlanta Medical Center (VAMC)Primary CareAtlanta, GA12 monthscontact programhttps://med.emory.edu/pa/education/cme.html
Nationwide Children's Hospital Child and Adolescent Psychiatry PA ProgramPsychiatryColumbus, OH12 months2http://www.nationwidechildrens.org/psychiatry-pa
University of IowaPsychiatryIowa City, IA12 months2https://medicine.uiowa.edu/psychiatry/education/fellowship-programs
The Cherokee Mental Health Institute (CMHI)PsychiatryCherokee, IA12 monthscontact programhttp://psychiatricfellowship.com/program-details/
Bassett HealthcareSurgeryCooperstown, NY12 months2http://www.bassett.org/education/medical-education/residency-programs/surgical-postgraduate-physician-assistant-program/
Duke University Medical CenterSurgeryDurham, NC12 monthsvarieshttps://surgery.duke.edu/education-and-training/residency-programs/physician-assistant-surgical
Hartford HealthcareSurgeryHartford, CT12 months2 to 4https://hartfordhospital.org/health-professionals/education/residencies-fellowships/pa-surgical-critical-care-residency
Johns Hopkins HospitalSurgeryBaltimore, MD12 monthsup to 11http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/surgery/education/pa_residency/
Montefiore Medical Center - Albert Einstein College of MedicineSurgeryBronx, NY14.5 months5http://www.montefiore.org/postgraduate-residency-physician-assistants-surgery
Norwalk Hospital/YaleSurgeryNorwalk, CT12 months12http://www.norwalkhospital.org/departments/residencies-and-fellowships/pa-surgical-residency
Texas Children's Hospital Pediatric SurgerySurgeryHouston, TX12 months6https://www.texaschildrens.org/health-professionals/fellowships-and-residencies/surgery-physician-assistant-fellowship
University of FloridaSurgeryGainesville, FL12 months4http://surgery.med.ufl.edu/education/pa-surgical-residency/program-information/
University of Pittsburgh Medical CenterSurgeryPittsburgh, PA12 months2http://www.upmc.com/healthcare-professionals/education/advance-practice-providers/education/advanced-practice-provider-surgical-residency-program/Pages/default.aspx
Carolinas Healthcare SystemUrgent CareCharlotte, NC12 months28http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/center-for-advanced-practice-fellowship
Carilion Clinic Urgent Care and Rural HealthUrgent CareDaleville, VA12 monthscontact programhttps://www.carilionclinic.org/family-medicine/fellowship
Carolinas Healthcare SystemUrologyCharlotte, NC12 months28http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/center-for-advanced-practice-fellowship
UT Southwestern Medical CenterUrologyDallas, TX12 months1http://www.utsouthwestern.edu/education/medical-school/departments/urology/education-training/residency-program/pa-postgrad.html
Hepatology Physician Assistant FellowshipHepatologyAlexandria, VA12 monthscontact programhttp://www.aasld.org/foundation/awards-fellowship/nppa-clinical-hepatology-fellowship-program
Hispanic Serving Health Professions Schools (HSHPS) Graduate Fellowship Training ProgramOtherMultiple Locations12 monthscontact programhttp://www.hshps.org/programs
Public Health PA Fellowship, GA Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS)Public HealthAtlanta, GA12 monthscontact programhttps://www.cdc.gov/eis/
Physician Assistant Abdominal Organ Transplant Fellowship (Arizona)Organ TransplantArizona12 monthscontact programhttp://www.mayo.edu/mshs/careers/physician-assistant/nurse-practitioner-or-physician-assistant-abdominal-organ-transplant-fellowship-arizona
The Ohio State UniversityOncologyColumbus, OH27 monthscontact programhttps://cancer.osu.edu/cancer-specialties/nursing/acute-care-oncology-fellowship-program

By the Numbers - What do the studies say?

According to this PAEA study:

PA postgraduate residency education provides an important educational vehicle for training graduate PAs in specialty care. A substantial proportion of residents proceed directly from entry-level to postgraduate training. Residents report satisfaction with their programs generally and specifically in terms of knowledge and skills acquired. More information comparing the differences between academic and internship models of residency education is needed as is consideration of greater standardization in program record-keeping and support for research into the longitudinal outcomes associated with postgraduate education.

According to this PAEA study:

Although most students (89.3%) were aware of residency training programs, results indicated that few (7%) had definite plans to attend. Two-thirds of students stated that they received no information on residency training programs at school (journal ads were the most popular information source). Student perceptions of residency training programs were mixed. Their opinions varied according to their program level (p<0.03) and intended region of future practice (p<0.007). Additional significant variables related to student perceptions included student graduation date, age, and gender. However, these factors were not as significant as geographic region of intended practice and degree level.

Discussion: Although only one-third of students reported receiving material or information related to residency training programs from their faculty, two-thirds of faculty respondents stated that they provide students with residency information. Of those providing information, only 32.5% of faculty stated that they actually encourage their students to attend postgraduate training. Like their students, faculty members had mixed positive and negative perceptions of residency training programs

Final Thoughts

Personally, I have mixed feelings about residency programs for PAs.

I see the benefits for PAs, supervising physicians and patients. But, I fear that residency programs may become a requirement rather than an option.

This will lead to increase cost and time in school which is one of the key differentiators of the PA and MD profession.

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