This underground world of Human trafficking continuously violates numerous ethical laws through multiple criminal activities - among these are; kidnapping, fraud, and assault. The most obvious breaking of these laws through human trafficking is kidnapping. “Each year, about 17,500 individuals are brought into the United stated and held against their will as victims of Human Trafficking”(Human 1). Victims of human trafficking are kidnapped and held captive, and forced to do the bidding of their “masters”. A second, and much more overlooked atrocity committed by human traffickers is fraud. many factory owners are currently advertising for jobs that sound “too good to be true” with free room and board, as well as paid travel expenses. However, once the workers arrive, they are heavily fined, and given no food or housing. The workers, in turn have no choice but to work in unfair conditions for extended periods of time until they can repay their employer the large debt they have acquired(Mark P. Lagon). A third way in which this [human trafficking] violates the law is through violence. In one grisly account of this violence, a woman claims she witnessed a trafficked friend brutally beaten and raped, drenched in gasoline, lit on fire, and once again savagely beaten again while burned alive - all for the entertainment of gang members(Mark P. Lagon). As you can see, Human Trafficking, the modern day act of slavery, is in violation to many ethical and government laws and must be ended quickly, before it grows so extensively that it is beyond anyone’s control.
Despite the abolition of slavery in the nineteenth century, the practice is prevalent in the contemporary world. It is estimated that more people are enslaved today than during the few centuries of the transatlantic slave trade. Modern slavery poses a serious challenge to human rights protection worldwide, and many governments as well as international and regional bodies are working towards preventing and combating it.
This course explored the historical origins and forms of slavery from ancient times to the twenty-first century. It also looked at the international legal instruments regulating the prohibition of slavery: international human rights treaties, ILO conventions, as well as regional human rights instruments.
You should now be able to:
- understand the historical origins of slavery as well as examples of slavery
- understand the international legal framework prohibiting slavery
- understand the concept of modern slavery and its various forms
- analyse the applicable law and apply it to a given example/case study
- think critically about human rights aspects of slavery in a variety of contexts and to articulate an independent view
- critically analyse and evaluate proposals for new legislation addressing modern slavery.
If you are unsure about any of these, go back and reread the relevant section(s) of this course.