Essays In Humanism Pdf995

“The tendencies we have mentioned are something new for America. They arose when, under the influence of the two World Wars and the consequent concentration of all forces on a military goal, a predominantly military mentality developed, which with the almost sudden victory became even more accentuated. The characteristic feature of this mentality is that people place the importance of what Bertrand Russell so tellingly terms “naked power” far above all other factors which affect the relations between peoples. The Germans, misled by Bismarck’s successes in particular, underwent just such a transformation of their mentality—in consequence of which they were entirely ruined in less than a hundred years. I must frankly confess that the foreign policy of the United States since the termination of hostilities has reminded me, sometimes irresistibly, of the attitude of Germany under Kaiser Wilhelm II, and I know that, independent of me, this analogy has most painfully occurred to others as well. It is characteristic of the military mentality that non-human factors (atom bombs, strategic bases, weapons of all sorts, the possession of raw materials, etc.) are held essential, while the human being, his desires and thoughts—in short, the psychological factors—are considered as unimportant and secondary. Herein lies a certain resemblance to Marxism, at least insofar as its theoretical side alone is kept in view. The individual is degraded to a mere instrument; he becomes “human materiel.” The normal ends of human aspiration vanish with such a viewpoint. Instead, the military mentality raises “naked power” as a goal in itself—one of the strangest illusions to which men can succumb.”
― Albert Einstein, Essays in Humanism

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Albert Einstein is a long-time celebrated and revered contributor to science and mathematics. This world-renowned theoretical physicist spent many years researching and experimenting with new ideas and testing theories throughout his life, leading him to bring large-scale advancements in the way scientists think and operate to this day. Though he is largely known for his development of the theory of relativity, particle theory, photon theory of light and more, he also spent time discussing politics, humanity and ethics.

“For there is much truth in the saying that it is easy to give just and wise counsel—to others!—but hard to act justly and wisely for oneself.”
― Albert Einstein, Essays in Humanism

Einstein was also known for his commentary on civil rights, humanism, and his support of socialism. While there is much to research regarding his contributions to the realm of science and mathematics, one can read more about his views on social issues in the book Essays in Humanism. Within its pages, Einstein shares his views on a rapidly changing world, nuclear proliferation, Zionism, and the global economy.

“The economic anarchy of capitalist society as it exists today is, in my opinion, the real source of the evil.”
― Albert Einstein, Essays in Humanism

Though, these are just a few of the insightful and surprisingly prescient topics the scientist discussed in this volume of collected essays that span the years of 1931 through 1950. He goes on to speak about the effects on humanity that are not only shaped by economics, but the ones bestowed onto society by science and politics as well.

“It cannot be doubted that the world crisis and the suffering and privations of the people resulting from the crisis are in some measure responsible for the dangerous upheavals of which we are the witness. In such periods discontent breeds hatred, and hatred leads to acts of violence and revolution, and often even to war.”
― Albert Einstein, Essays in Humanism

Whether you are a well-read Einstein enthusiast or are just beginning, Albert Einstein’s Essays in Humanism is sure to make an invaluable addition to your collection.

“It is only men who are free, who create the inventions and intellectual works which to us moderns make life worthwhile.”
― Albert Einstein, Essays in Humanism

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